A Watershed Study

What is a Watershed?

A Reflection about Watersheds
Peggy Wiggins

Everyone lives in a watershed. It is a geographic area that drains into a larger water body, such as a stream, river, estuary, lake or ocean. Coastal and ocean resources are affected by activities in coastal areas and also by those in upland water shed. There are 14 major river basins in Georgia, Every body of water has a drainage basin and a system that is part of a watershed. Its boundaries are marked by the ridges which are the highest points of land around the water body. Watersheds can include forests, parks, lakes, cities, homes, and farms. They cross country, state, and international borders and can be as large as the Chattahoochee River or as small as the stream’s watershed in your own back yard. It doesn’t matter how far you live from a stream, river or lake, you live in a watershed and you can affect water quality.

When it rains, the water hits the ridge and runs one direction into one drainage basin, or it  can flow into another drainage if the flow leaves the ridge on the other side. Find your watershed at http://www.epa.gov/surf

Ten things you can do to help protect our streams, oceans and reefs.

1. Put trash, especially non-biodegradable plastics, in recycle cans.

2. Puncture inflated balloons after use and dispose of properly.

3. Use water sparingly when watering your lawn, washing your car, and house hold cleaning.

4. Stop using non-biodegradable chemicals in your home.

5. Find natural products for pesticides and fertilizers for your lawn.

6. Reduce car pollution by using carpools, using fuel-efficient vehicles,recycling motor oil and keeping

your cars and vehicles in good working order.

7. Use native plants to reduce the amount of water needed for home and business landscaping purposes and

plant trees to offset the amount of carbon dioxide for which you are personally responsible.

8. Turn off lights and appliances including the television when you are not in the room or at home.

9. Set your thermostat at 80 degrees F or higher in the summer, and 68 degrees or lower in the winter.

10. Inspect your house for air leaks; use shades, curtains or insulated windows/doors to reduce heat transfer

The Urban Watershed Education Guide


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